Toxins and Hazards: EPS
Please review (if the information is in error please add corrections) Data:
1. What are EPS panels?
I wanted to know what “EPS panels” were after I read a blog post by kalabalu, about the dire needs of squatters in Bangladesh.
EPS panels is yet another of the thousands of products from the Petrochemical industry (“Oil Industry”) that includes components for cosmetics, roads, tires, plastic bottles, farming, production of electricity, gasoline, toys, and most of ALL modern manufactured products in use today has a “petrochemical” component.
The U.S. dollar, as the world’s reserve currency, (after the USA government abandoned the GOLD backed Dollar in the 1970’s), is backed largely, by the value of Petroleum (crude oil is often known as “black gold”) and the Dollar is known as the “petrodollar” and this is primarily the reason for U.S. government’s military policy waring in foreign lands in the 21st century (in my research there are other hidden reasons as well for USA/NATO wars, however I think the significance that two of the largest global industries, Finance & Petrochemicals are married as the global Financial Reserve currency).
Also note: Benzene (Toxic Carcinogen) is a natural constituent of crude oil, and is one of the most elementary petrochemicals. ~Ron
is a synthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene, a liquid petrochemical.
Polystyrene can be rigid or foamed.
General purpose polystyrene is clear, hard and brittle.
It is a very inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a rather poor barrier to oxygen and water vapor and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale of its production being several billion kilograms per year. Polystyrene can be naturally transparent, but can be colored with colorants.
Uses include protective packaging (such as packing peanuts and CD and DVD cases), containers (such as “clamshells”), lids, bottles, trays, tumblers, and disposable cutlery.” – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polystyrene
Expanded & Extruded Polystyrene (EPS)
“is a rigid and tough, closed-cell foam.
It is usually white and made of pre-expanded polystyrene beads.
EPS is used for disposable trays, plates, bowls and cups; and for carry-out food packaging (including the hinged lid containers popularly know as “clam shells”).
Other uses include molded sheets for building insulation and packing material (“peanuts”) for cushioning fragile items inside boxes. Sheets are commonly packaged as rigid panels (size 4 by 8 or 2 by 8 feet in the United States), which are also known as “bead-board”.
Due to its technical properties such as low weight, rigidity, and formability, EPS can be used in a wide range of different applications.” -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polystyrene#Expanded_polystyrene
Most [EPS] panel systems use Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), a product that’s been in use for over 50 years.
EPS has an R-Value of 3.5 to 4.0 per inch. Some recent new generations of EPS panels claim “Polyurethane has an R-Value of 7.0 to 7.5 per inch, making it the world’s highest-rated insulation per inch”; and go on to further claim “Less Environmental Impact”.
[NOTE: “Less Environmental Impact” is a phrase that means it is bad for the environment but less so than other generations of this product… This marketing trick, IMHO. ~Ron]
Typically “EPS panels are created in standard sizes and cut at the jobsite to fit your home’s requirements. The scraps [waste] usually cannot be recycled.” -Thermocore (Corp. founded 1993) Source: http://www.thermocore.com/compare-to-eps-panels.php
“Expanded Polystyrene” (EPS)
is a lightweight cellular plastic material consisting of small hollow spherical balls. It is this closed cellular construction that gives EPS its remarkable characteristics.
EPS is produced in a wide range of densities providing a varying range of physical properties. These are matched to the various applications where the material is used to optimise its performance and strength” -http://www.epsa.org.au/about-eps/what-is-eps
1a. * “How are the ingredients Collected/extracted?
EPS Stone Panels
Here you can see some of the equipment used to extract and crush/grind mill some filler for for “EPS/Mineral Wool sandwich” production…
1b. and 1c. How is EPS mixed and processed into the compound/product what does each process use as energy (labor/mechanical machines/electricity/gas/etc.)?
Evidence reveals a LOT of energy, labor and transportation is involved for the final production of EPS panels.
EPS Panels Production process (block moulding machine)
Constructing a house with EPS panels:
EPS Cement Composite Panels
2. Do the workers use respirators? Yes, respirators are worn to filter harmful “EPS” dust from lungs…
2a. and 2b. Is there vapors/smoke/liquids/solids left afterwards; If so what is done with the above waste?
Yes, harmful waste is produced both in manufacturing and on work-site (notice the Australian video building a home where “precut” standard sizes may need trimming and adjustments at each construction site).
3. In manufacturing, construction, and building there is always waste, it is unavoidable. The question is what is the impact:
Is it harmful, or toxic, hazardous or completely biodegradable nutrients benign to the environment?
(Please notice the respirators, steel bars, and waste flying in the air to then go where, land, and water? Remember EPS is a petrochemical form of plastic from petroleum with known toxins and hazards such as Benzene).
Some producers claim they recycle this hazardous waste material but know this:
Experience shows that 100% capture for recycle is not attainable.
Recycle merely means that the hazardous material will be reused again and again…
This is another reason to switch to alternatives that are good for the environment and life.
HEALTH & ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS:
Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (Feb. 2006). “NTP-CERHR Monograph on the Potential Human Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Styrene” – http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/ohat/styrene/Styrene_Monograph.pdf
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (June 2012). “ATSDR June 2012 Public Health Statement: Styrene”. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. p.8. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzene – http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/LT_rpts/tr289.pdf
PVP/VA Copolymer — A petroleum-derived chemical used in hairsprays, wavesets and other cosmetics. It can be considered toxic, since particles may contribute to foreign bodies in the lungs of sensitive persons. 5
“Can be seen on lip products from time to time, which is ironic to me because they’re usually advertised as protecting the lips from sunburn, chapping and so forth. Petrolatum is mineral oil jelly, and mineral oil causes a lot of problems when used on the skin photosensitivity (causes sun damage), and it tends to interfere with the body’s own natural moisturizing mechanism, leading to dry skin and chapping. You are being sold a product that creates the very conditions it claims to alleviate. Manufacturers use petrolatum because it is unbelievably cheap. ” ~Ron
Other HIGH concerns:
Contamination concerns, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive) About PETROLATUM: Petrolatum is a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum.
Function(s): Hair Conditioning Agent; Skin-Conditioning Agent – Occlusive; Skin Protectant; EMOLLIENT; MOISTURISING; UV ABSORBER
Synoym(s): MINERAL GREASE (PETROLATUM) ; MINERAL JELLY; PETROLATUM AMBER; PETROLATUM WHITE; PETROLEUM JELLY; YELLOW PETROLATUM” -http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/704786/PETROLATUM/
Partial List of petrochemicals and their derivatives
Synthetic Fragrances — The synthetic fragrances used in cosmetics can have as many as 200 ingredients. There is no way to know what the chemicals are, since on the label it will simply say “Fragrance.”
Some of the problems caused by these chemicals are headaches, dizziness, rash, hyperpigmentation, violent coughing, vomiting, skin irritation.
AVOID using all cosmetic products that has the word “Fragrance” or “parfum” on the ingredients label.
Some “known” chemicals in past “fragrance” lab tests were:
Phthalates – group of chemicals used to soften and increase the flexibility of plastic and vinyl. Phthalates are used in hundreds of consumer products.Including, but not limited to, perfume, hair spray, soap, shampoo, nail polish, skin moisturizers, flexible plastic and vinyl toys, shower curtains, wallpaper, vinyl miniblinds, food packaging, and plastic wrap, wood finishes, detergents, adhesives, plastic plumbing pipes, lubricants, medical tubing and fluid bags, solvents, insecticides, medical devices, building materials, and vinyl flooring. It leeches from plastics and potentially causes birth defects, cancer, and other harms…
“The regulation designed to conceal ingredients from the eyes of corporate competitors now does the same for a cosmetic consumer who might be inclined to scan the label for parabens, petroleum by-products, and synthetics”
To get a better grasp of the details of the petrochemical and bioengineering industries that are producing biological & chemical weapons, synthetics, pesticides, gmo foods, and more, is a arduous task that requires insiders and whistleblowers providing “secrets“.
Here is at least one woman, Susie Wang, that has created a 100% organic cosmetic company after leaving the high-paying career inside the cosmetic industry:
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Benzene Emissions from Gasoline can give you cancer:
Petrochemical train explodes in Quebec, Canada
Are You Wearing Toxic Petrochemicals?
Listen to Doctors Brian Clement and Dr. Anna Maria Clement (Co-Directors of the Hippocrates Health Institute in West Palm Beach, Florida) report the dangers of Synthetic Toxic Clothing in their book Killer Clothes
I wish for you, dear readers, to share this and educate others as we create global alternatives and embrace a Earth model of nurturing life, abundance, diversity, and prosperity for all of Earth.
LOVE and Peace
(The D.I.Y. Project)
*Last updated: Aug 31, 2013