What is “EPS”?

Toxins and Hazards: EPS

Please review (if the information is in error please add corrections) Data:

1. What are EPS panels?

Personal NOTE:
I wanted to know what “EPS panels” were after I read a blog post by kalabalu, about the dire needs of squatters in Bangladesh.
EPS panels is yet another of the thousands of products from the Petrochemical industry (“Oil Industry”) that includes components for cosmetics, roads, tires, plastic bottles, farming, production of electricity, gasoline, toys, and most of ALL modern manufactured products in use today has a “petrochemical” component.
The U.S. dollar, as the world’s reserve currency, (after the USA government abandoned the GOLD backed Dollar in the 1970’s), is backed largely, by the value of Petroleum (crude oil is often known as “black gold”) and the Dollar is known as the “petrodollar” and this is primarily the reason for U.S. government’s military policy waring in foreign lands in the 21st century (in my research there are other hidden reasons as well for USA/NATO wars, however I think the significance that two of the largest global industries, Finance & Petrochemicals are married as the global Financial Reserve currency).
Also note: Benzene (Toxic Carcinogen) is a natural constituent of crude oil, and is one of the most elementary petrochemicals. ~Ron

Polystyrene (PS)

is a synthetic aromatic polymer made from the monomer styrene, a liquid petrochemical.
Polystyrene can be rigid or foamed.
General purpose polystyrene is clear, hard and brittle.
It is a very inexpensive resin per unit weight. It is a rather poor barrier to oxygen and water vapor and has a relatively low melting point. Polystyrene is one of the most widely used plastics, the scale of its production being several billion kilograms per year. Polystyrene can be naturally transparent, but can be colored with colorants.
Uses include protective packaging (such as packing peanuts and CD and DVD cases), containers (such as “clamshells”), lids, bottles, trays, tumblers, and disposable cutlery.” – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polystyrene

Expanded & Extruded Polystyrene (EPS)

“is a rigid and tough, closed-cell foam.
It is usually white and made of pre-expanded polystyrene beads.
EPS is used for disposable trays, plates, bowls and cups; and for carry-out food packaging (including the hinged lid containers popularly know as “clam shells”).
Other uses include molded sheets for building insulation and packing material (“peanuts”) for cushioning fragile items inside boxes. Sheets are commonly packaged as rigid panels (size 4 by 8 or 2 by 8 feet in the United States), which are also known as “bead-board”.
Due to its technical properties such as low weight, rigidity, and formability, EPS can be used in a wide range of different applications.” -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polystyrene#Expanded_polystyrene

House products:
Most [EPS] panel systems use Expanded Polystyrene (EPS), a product that’s been in use for over 50 years.
EPS has an R-Value of 3.5 to 4.0 per inch. Some recent new generations of EPS panels claim “Polyurethane has an R-Value of 7.0 to 7.5 per inch, making it the world’s highest-rated insulation per inch”; and go on to further claim “Less Environmental Impact”.
[NOTE: “Less Environmental Impact” is a phrase that means it is bad for the environment but less so than other generations of this product… This marketing trick, IMHO. ~Ron]

Typically “EPS panels are created in standard sizes and cut at the jobsite to fit your home’s requirements. The scraps [waste] usually cannot be recycled.” -Thermocore (Corp. founded 1993) Source: http://www.thermocore.com/compare-to-eps-panels.php


“Expanded Polystyrene” (EPS)

is a lightweight cellular plastic material consisting of small hollow spherical balls. It is this closed cellular construction that gives EPS its remarkable characteristics.
EPS is produced in a wide range of densities providing a varying range of physical properties. These are matched to the various applications where the material is used to optimise its performance and strength” -http://www.epsa.org.au/about-eps/what-is-eps

1a. * “How are the ingredients Collected/extracted?

EPS Stone Panels
Here you can see some of the equipment used to extract and crush/grind mill some filler for for “EPS/Mineral Wool sandwich” production…

1b. and 1c. How is EPS mixed and processed into the compound/product what does each process use as energy (labor/mechanical machines/electricity/gas/etc.)?
Evidence reveals a LOT of energy, labor and transportation is involved for the final production of EPS panels.

EPS Panels Production process (block moulding machine)

Constructing a house with EPS panels:

EPS Cement Composite Panels

2. Do the workers use respirators? Yes, respirators are worn to filter harmful “EPS” dust from lungs…
2a. and 2b. Is there vapors/smoke/liquids/solids left afterwards; If so what is done with the above waste?
Yes, harmful waste is produced both in manufacturing and on work-site (notice the Australian video building a home where “precut” standard sizes may need trimming and adjustments at each construction site).

3. In manufacturing, construction, and building there is always waste, it is unavoidable. The question is what is the impact:
Is it harmful, or toxic, hazardous or completely biodegradable nutrients benign to the environment?
(Please notice the respirators, steel bars, and waste flying in the air to then go where, land, and water? Remember EPS is a petrochemical form of plastic from petroleum with known toxins and hazards such as Benzene).
Some producers claim they recycle this hazardous waste material but know this:
Experience shows that 100% capture for recycle is not attainable.
Recycle merely means that the hazardous material will be reused again and again…
This is another reason to switch to alternatives that are good for the environment and life.

Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (Feb. 2006). “NTP-CERHR Monograph on the Potential Human Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Styrene” – http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/ohat/styrene/Styrene_Monograph.pdf

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (June 2012). “ATSDR June 2012 Public Health Statement: Styrene”. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. p.8. Retrieved 24 September 2012.

Click to access tp53-c1-b.pdf

Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzene – http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/LT_rpts/tr289.pdf

PVP/VA Copolymer — A petroleum-derived chemical used in hairsprays, wavesets and other cosmetics. It can be considered toxic, since particles may contribute to foreign bodies in the lungs of sensitive persons. 5

“Can be seen on lip products from time to time, which is ironic to me because they’re usually advertised as protecting the lips from sunburn, chapping and so forth. Petrolatum is mineral oil jelly, and mineral oil causes a lot of problems when used on the skin photosensitivity (causes sun damage), and it tends to interfere with the body’s own natural moisturizing mechanism, leading to dry skin and chapping. You are being sold a product that creates the very conditions it claims to alleviate. Manufacturers use petrolatum because it is unbelievably cheap. ” ~Ron
See http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/704786/PETROLATUM/
Other HIGH concerns:
Contamination concerns, Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive) About PETROLATUM: Petrolatum is a semisolid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum.
Function(s): Hair Conditioning Agent; Skin-Conditioning Agent – Occlusive; Skin Protectant; EMOLLIENT; MOISTURISING; UV ABSORBER

Partial List of petrochemicals and their derivatives


Petrochemicals products

Petrochemicals Polymers & Fibers Petroleum Chemicals Healthcare
Basic Feedstock
2-Ethylhexanol (2-EH)
Acetic acid
Acrylonitrile (AN)
Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (dioctyl phthalate)
Dimethyl terephthalate (DMT)
1,2-Dichloroethane (ethylene dichloride or EDC)
Ethylene glycol (EG)
Ethylene oxide (EO)
Linear alkyl benzene (LAB)
Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE)
Propylene oxide
Purified terephthalic acid (PTA)
Styrene monomer (SM)
Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM)
Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM)
Acrylic fiber
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
Acrylonitrile styrene (AS)
Polybutadiene (PBR)
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
Polyethylene (PE)
Polyethylene terephthalate (PET)
Polypropylene (PP)
Polystyrene (PS)
Styrene butadiene (SBR)
Urea-formaldehyde (UF)
Marine fuel oil
Petroleum refining
Adhesives and sealants
Construction chemicals
Corrosion control chemicals
Cosmetics raw materials
Electronic chemicals and materials
Flavourings, fragrances, food additives
Specialty and industrial chemicals
Specialty and industrial gases
Inks, dyes and printing supplies
Packaging, bottles, and containers
Paint, coatings, and resins
Polymer additives
Specialty and life sciences chemicals
Surfactants and cleaning agents
Health care


Synthetic Fragrances — The synthetic fragrances used in cosmetics can have as many as 200 ingredients. There is no way to know what the chemicals are, since on the label it will simply say “Fragrance.”
Some of the problems caused by these chemicals are headaches, dizziness, rash, hyperpigmentation, violent coughing, vomiting, skin irritation.
AVOID using all cosmetic products that has the word “Fragrance” or “parfum” on the ingredients label.
Some “known” chemicals in  past “fragrance” lab tests were:
Phthalates – group of chemicals used to soften and increase the flexibility of plastic and vinyl. Phthalates are used in hundreds of consumer products.Including, but not limited to, perfume, hair spray, soap, shampoo, nail polish, skin moisturizers, flexible plastic and vinyl toys, shower curtains, wallpaper, vinyl miniblinds, food packaging, and plastic wrap, wood finishes, detergents, adhesives, plastic plumbing pipes, lubricants, medical tubing and fluid bags, solvents, insecticides, medical devices, building materials, and vinyl flooring. It leeches from plastics and potentially causes birth defects, cancer, and other harms…

“The regulation designed to conceal ingredients from the eyes of corporate competitors now does the same for a cosmetic consumer who might be inclined to scan the label for parabens, petroleum by-products, and synthetics”

To get a better grasp of the details of the petrochemical and bioengineering industries that are producing biological & chemical weapons, synthetics, pesticides, gmo foods, and more, is a arduous task that requires insiders and whistleblowers providing “secrets“.
Here is at least one woman, Susie Wang, that has created a 100% organic cosmetic company after leaving the high-paying career inside the cosmetic industry:


_____   ______   ______

Benzene Emissions from Gasoline can give you cancer:

Petrochemical train explodes in Quebec, Canada


Are You Wearing Toxic Petrochemicals?

Listen to Doctors Brian Clement and Dr. Anna Maria Clement (Co-Directors of the Hippocrates Health Institute in West Palm Beach, Florida) report the dangers of Synthetic Toxic Clothing in their book Killer Clothes
Toxic Synthetic Clothing Fibers
I wish for you, dear readers, to share this and educate others as we create global alternatives and embrace a Earth model of nurturing life, abundance, diversity, and prosperity for all of Earth.

LOVE and Peace
(The D.I.Y. Project)


Alternative “Hempcrete”:

*Last updated: Aug 31, 2013


Want Worldwide PEACE and Prosperity. We are the solution we have been searching for... Free People on Earth will solve our crisis and create an era of Creativity. Be Aware; Be Creative; Be Active; Be Free; and then Share it. LOVE & Wholeness AMOR y Paz

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Posted in Freedom-Expressed
8 comments on “What is “EPS”?
  1. kalabalu says:

    I think you answered most of the questions you asked me. The waste is recycled, there is no cutting after production,its already cut out as per required size. It has a standard width but length is as per need /possible transportation ( too long can not get in or under ) Yes, the production is 100% computerized, well everything is becoming robotic these days. Where do they throw away waste..but that is recycled for production. How much energy it consumes, lifters and packers need to wear mask . I have to find out about, how much energy is consumed ?


    • RonMamita says:

      The questions I shared with you were my initial questions I had formed in my thoughts when Chris first shared your recommendation for EPS panels with me.
      I answered all the questions to my personal satisfaction prior to replying on Chris’ blog.

      Then later, when you replied to my comment to Chris I then hoped you would share the information you found (perhaps Bangladesh has some new technology in a non-English language that I had not accessed, I asked myself, or perhaps you would agree with me that the evidence calls for abolishing the use of petrochemicals and EPS panels in casual consumer markets as there may be some extreme cases to use them in research or limited celestial [Mars] exploration for example).

      I am convinced that abolishing the petrochemical industry will assist with ending wars allowing alternative industries and inventions for safe environmental and usher in the abundance economic model for the People of Earth. There are many alternatives that will nurture Earth and align with the emerging new paradigm.
      I write about them often here, and visitors are invited to use the search feature (Located in the upper right corner near the top of the page) to discover What I share on a subject of interest.

      Again, I was pleased to learn about EPS panels and identify it as another of the thousands of [Hazardous] products from the petrochemical industries.
      Thank you for being here and I request you search for alternatives and share with everyone thus we can amplify the global efforts to create Peace, Prosperity, healing and joyful living with all of Earth.


  2. RonMamita says:

    Stop the production of EPS panels and use non-petrochemicals (list alternative Biodegradable) sources for manufacturing.
    The abundant potential for grass/hay-straw, hemp, bamboo, etc. needs to be adopted immediately as we, the People of Earth, embrace the emerging new paradigm.

    New Paradigm:
    Global realization that the current global system of “debt as money” and that government (central banks’) currencies are not WEALTH.
    Internalization of Peace, Joy, Creativity, Awareness, Freedom, Re-discovery, and consciousness shift for self-governance.


  3. Chris Thomas says:

    Reblogged this on On the light side of gamification and commented:
    Hey Ron,
    thank you very much for your detailed research on this topic. I am looking forward to build something using hempcrete one day.
    Have a great day & keep up this great work,
    P.S.: Could you please research the ecological footprint of my favorite future fashion store once I have developped the concept further?


    • RonMamita says:

      For best results (on researching ecological footprint) for your future fashion store a local assessment is needed (such as available LOCAL natural sources…). Please see and NOTE the recent addition to this posted report above talking about synthetic (petrochemicals) clothing (Brian & Anna Maria Clement – Toxic Clothing: Synthetic vs. Natural Fibers August 28, 2013).
      AVOID using synthetics and always use natural fibers such as cotton, hemp, wool, and natural silk. Same holds true for the building materials as more alternatives are available such as hempcrete…

      I have a question for you –
      Are you imagining starting your fashion store in a building or mall with employees as in your blog-post, or would you consider a direct marketed/shipping to begin, until you contract a building/storefront commercial plan?
      My reason for asking is because if I was considering creating a fashion store I would start by identifying my clothing designs (natural fibers), inspirational designs (such as the clothes I like) and “drop shipment” or affiliate options available (including amazon)…
      So much more I would consider, but this would fuel my decisions before I decide to build or Rent/Lease a expensive storefront.

      Wishing you success!


      • Chris Thomas says:

        Thank you Ron for your (as always) very smart and helpful thoughts. I will post a future 0.1 post where I write down my thoughts about your reply soon.
        Have a great day,


  4. Phuong Nam PU Tole works in soundproof, heat insulation and heat-resistant. It is covered with a layer of 20mm thickness Polyurethane insulation (PU) underneath tole 5 waves, 30mm high to prevent water overflow. View more http://toncachnhiet.net


    • RonMamita says:

      Please review the full report above, because it is our aim to use alternatives to the petrochemicals industry.

      Would the company consider manufacturing alternatives to petrochemicals?

      If so we would consider investing in such alternatives for which we are exploring, such as hemp, bamboo, and molecular structuring…


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