Ancient: statues, Med Pills, Dog Mummies, and Clay Figurines

Ancient: statues, Med Pills, Dog Mummies, and Clay Figurines

STATUES:

‘Exceptional’ find of Roman statues linked to poet Ovid

By Alan Johnston BBC News

The head of Niobe The head of Niobe has been described as an “exceptional” find

Archaeologists in Italy say they have discovered what they’ve called a “very important” series of statues dating back to the Roman era.

The seven figures were found in a villa outside the city owned by the patron of the celebrated poet, Ovid.

They depict one of the myths recounted in his masterpiece, Metamorphoses, that of the proud mother Niobe.

The team unearthed the 2m-high figures at the bottom of what would have been a richly-decorated swimming pool.

It is reckoned that the statues toppled in to the pool during an earthquake and remained there for about 2,000 years.

In Metamorphoses, Ovid recounted many myths of transformations. He wrote of Niobe, the mother of 14 children who boasted about how much more fertile she was than the goddess Leto.

She was punished her for her pride. Leto’s two children, Artemis and Apollo, slaughtered her offspring. In her grief, Niobe turned to stone, weeping continuously.

The discovery of the statues raises an intriguing question – which came first, the statues or Ovid’s famous poem?

Perhaps the owner of the villa ordered the making of the statues for his home after reading the tale in his favourite poet’s work.

Or maybe it was the other way round.

Maybe the statues inspired the poem. Perhaps Ovid admired them as he lounged by his patron’s pool, and was moved to write of the disaster that engulfed Niobe.

The archaeologists have only just announced their discovery of the statues, which are in comparatively good condition. The team described them as an “exceptional” find, the discovery of a lifetime.

>>>

ANCIENT MEDICAL PILLS

Pills found in ancient Tuscan wreck resemble modern medicine

January 8, 2013 by Bob Yirka
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-01-pills-ancient-tuscan-resemble-modern.html

(Medical Xpress)—A team of Italian researchers studying the contents of a small tin found aboard the wreck of a second century B.C. cargo ship claim its contents are pills meant to cure eye or skin ailments. In their paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team says that some of the ingredients found in the pills mirror those still used today to treat such ailments. The tin, known as a pyxis was found after excavation of the wreck Relitto del Pozzino between 1989-90. The sunken ship was first discovered in 1974 off the Tuscany coast and is believed to have met its fate in 140 B.C. The pyxis was found among other artifacts (a cup for blood-letting, vials, etc.) that led researchers to believe it belonged to a physician. Inside were small pills, each approximately 4 centimeters across and 1 centimeter thick. Careful analysis in the lab showed that the pills mostly contained zinc – approximately 75 percent – in the form of smithsonite. Other ingredients included animal and plant lipids, pine resin and starch. Because of the nature of their content, the researchers believe the pills were meant to be crushed and dissolved in water and then used as a topical agent to treat eye and skin problems. In addition to the physical evidence, the researchers also cite the writings of Pliny the Elder and Dioscorides which both describe using zinc based compounds to treat eye and skin ailments. They called the medicine calamina – it was obtained by scraping the walls of copper furnaces. Later topical ointments using zinc ore based material were called calamine. They also point out that the Latin word, collyrium, means “small round loaves” and was derived from words that describe the use of an eyewash. Together the evidence shows, the researchers claim, that early Roman and Etruscan physicians not only knew about the healing properties of zinc salts but how to obtain and use them to treat patients. Finding an intact medicinal compound from such a long time ago is extremely rare, they note – and being able to connect it with the writings of noted physicians of the time makes the find all that much more profound. More information: Ingredients of a 2,000-y-old medicine revealed by chemical, mineralogical, and botanical investigation, PNAS, Published online before print January 7, 2013, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1216776110 Journal reference: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Read more at: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-01-pills-ancient-tuscan-resemble-modern.html#jCp

>>>

ANCIENT DOG MUMMIES

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/61381/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Eight-million-dog-mummies-found-in-Saqqara.aspx

Eight million dog mummies found in Saqqara

Eight million dog mummies were uncovered at the dog catacomb in Saqqara
Nevine El-Aref , Wednesday 2 Jan 2013

During routine excavations at the dog catacomb in Saqqara necropolis, an excavation team led by Salima Ikram, professor of Egyptology at The American University in Cairo (AUC), and an international team of researchers led by Paul Nicholson of Cardiff University have uncovered almost 8 million animal mummies at the burial site.

Studies on their bones revealed that those dogs are from different breeds but not accurately identified yet.

“We are recording the animal bones and the mummification techniques used to prepare the animals,” Ikram said.

Studies on the mummies, Ikram explains, revealed that some of them were old while the majority were buried hours after their birth. She said that the mummified animals were not limited to canines but there are cat and mongoose remains in the deposit.

“We are trying to understand how this fits religiously with the cult of Anubis, to whom the catacomb is dedicated,” she added.

Ikram also told National Geographic, which is financing the project, that “in some churches people light a candle, and their prayer is taken directly up to God in that smoke. In the same way, a mummified dog’s spirit would carry a person’s prayer to the afterlife”.

Saqqara dog catacomb was first discovered in 1897 when well-known French Egyptologist Jacques De Morgan published his Carte of Memphite necropolis, with his map showing that there are two dog catacombs in the area.

However, mystery has overshadowed such mapping as it was not clear who was the first to discover the catacombs nor who carried out the mapping, and whether they were really for dogs.

“The proximity of the catacombs to the nearby temple of Anubis, the so called jackal or dog-headed deity associated with cemeteries and embalming makes it likely that these catacombs are indeed for canines and their presence at Saqqara is to be explained by the concentration of other animal cuts at the site,” Nicholson wrote on his website.

“These other cults include the burials of, and temples for, bulls, cows, baboons, ibises, hawks and cats all of which were thought to act as intermediaries between humans and their gods.”

Despite the great quantity of animals buried in these catacombs and the immense size of the underground burial places, Egyptologists have focused on the temples and on inscriptional evidence rather than on the animals themselves and their places of burial.

The mysteries behind De Morgan’s mapping were unsolved until 2009 when this team started concrete excavations at the cemetery in an attempt to learn more about the archaeological and history of the site.

“Results at the first season showed that De Morgan map has substantial inaccuracies and a new survey is under way,” Nicholson said.

“The animal bones themselves have been sampled and preliminary results suggest that as well as actual dogs there may be other canids present. Furthermore the age profile of the animals is being examined so that patterns of mortality can be ascertained.”

>>>

ANCIENT CLAY FIGURINES

http://www.express.co.uk/posts/view/369226/British-archaeologists-unearth-astonishing-collection-of-ancient-figurines-in-Greece

More than 300 of the prehistoric clay figurines were found by British archaeologists in Greece 

More than 300 of the prehistoric clay figurines were found by British archaeologists in Greece

BRITISH ARCHAEOLOGISTS UNEARTH ASTONISHING COLLECTION OF ANCIENT FIGURINES IN GREECE
Monday January 7,2013  By Charlotte Meredith

A TEAM of history-lovers from Britain have unearthed over 300 prehistoric clay figurines in one of the biggest archaeological finds in south-eastern Europe.

The archaeologists, from South hampton University, helped make the landmark discovery at a Neolithic archaeological site in central Greece believed to have dated from between 5800 – 5300 BC.

The figurines, which were found scattered all over the site of Koutroulou Magoula – located around 160 miles from Athens – are considered a major discovery in understanding the ancient Neolithic people.

The site – roughly four times the area of a football pitch – had been occupied by an advanced community of a few hundred people who made architecturally sophisticated houses from stone and mud-bricks.

__BREAK1__

The figurines are believed to not only have been considered aesthetic art, but were also used to convey and reflect ideas about a community’s culture, society and identity.

“Figurines were thought to typically depict the female form, but our find is not only extraordinary in terms of quantity, but also quite diverse – male, female and non-gender specific ones have been found and several depict a hybrid human-bird figure,” says Professor Yannis Hamilakis, Co-Director of the Koutroulou Magoula Archaeology and Archaeological Ethnography project.

“We still have a lot of work to do studying the figurines, but they should be able to give us an enormous amount of information about how Neolithic people interpreted the human body, their own gender and social identity and experience,” he added.

The Neolithic period is widely considered a significant age in the development of human technology, where behavioral and cultural characteristics progressed alongside the brith of agriculture.

Correspondingly, archaeologists at the Koutroulou Magoula site have discovered evidence of farmers who kept domestic animals, used tools and had connections with settlements in the nearby area.

In addition to excavation, the archaeological project has engaged in a series of events examining the importance of Koutroulou Magoula in contemporary communities – including communal celebrations with food, drink and dance – ensuring the site is an important feature in the social and cultural life of the area.

About

Want Worldwide PEACE and Prosperity. We are the solution we have been searching for... Free People on Earth will solve our crisis and create an era of Creativity. Be Aware; Be Creative; Be Active; Be Free; and then Share it. LOVE & Wholeness AMOR y Paz

Tagged with: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Posted in Freedom-Expressed
One comment on “Ancient: statues, Med Pills, Dog Mummies, and Clay Figurines
  1. I admire that which you have accomplished here. I really enjoy the a part where you actually say your are performing this to present back but We would assume by many of the comments which may be helping you as nicely. Do you’ve got any more details on the?

    Like

Please Contribute a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 383 other followers

The Worldwide Awakening
Peaceful Awareness & Knowledge Based TransitionSeptember 11, 2017
Exercise freedom and creativity for all Earth’s inhabitants to explore ready breakthroughs in Self Organizing Communities, economics, and technology. This is a D.I.Y. project
State Sponsored Terror
The Big Day ReportMarch 30, 2018
Institutions of crime Big days have come, gone, and come again (Manipulations: Market Exchanges crash, wars, government Elections, and Taxation). Search for what is hidden and for what is not spoken. What secrets are hidden in Antarctica? Be Aware of the next big Day for fraudulent institutions.
RonMamita
Peace Today

Peace Today

RonMamita’s Blog
January 2013
S M T W T F S
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
All posts here
Whole-Community
Audio coming soon!
%d bloggers like this: